Akbarnama in english pdf free download

Akbarnama in english pdf free download

It is stated that akbarnama in english pdf free download book took seven years to be completed. Today, the illustrated manuscript of Akbarnma, with 116 miniature paintings, is at the Victoria and Albert Museum.

This section does not cite any sources. The first volume of Akbarnama deals with the birth of Akbar, the history of Timur’s family and the reigns of Babur and Humayun and the Suri sultans of Delhi. Mughal Emperor Akbar crossing the river at night. The third volume is named Ā’īn-i-Akbarī, and details the administrative system of the Empire as well as containing the famous “Account of the Hindu Sciences”.

It also deals with Akbar’s household, army, the revenues and the geography of the empire. It also produces rich details about the traditions and culture of the people living in India. In his description of Hinduism, Abu’l Fazl tries to relate everything back to something that the Muslims could understand. Many of the orthodox Muslims thought that the Hindus were guilty of two of the greatest sins, polytheism and idolatry. On the topic of idolatry, Abu’l Fazl says that the symbols and images that the Hindus carry are not idols, but merely are there to keep their minds from wandering. He writes that only serving and worshipping God is required.

Abul Fazl also describes the Caste system to his readers. He writes the name, rank, and duties of each caste. He then goes on to describe the sixteen subclasses which come from intermarriage among the main four. This is a system of knowledge of an amazing and extraordinary character, in which the learned of Hindustan concur without dissenting opinion. He places the actions and what event they bring about in the next life into four different kinds. The Ain-i-Akbari is currently housed in the Hazarduari Palace, in West Bengal. The Akbarnama of Shaikh Illahdad Faiz Sirhindi is another contemporary biography of the Mughal emperor Akbar.

The Akbarnama of Abu-L-Fazl in three volumes. Akbar’s mother travels by the boat to Agra”. Conservation and Mounting of Leaves from the Akbarnama”. The Mughul Empire, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-407-1, p. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Akbarnama. The Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta.

This page was last edited on 24 March 2018, at 16:40. Statue of Hem Chandra Vikramaditya at Panipat. Hemu claimed royal status after defeating Akbar’s Mughal forces on 7 October 1556 in the Battle of Delhi and assumed the ancient title of Vikramaditya that had been adopted by many Hindu kings in the past. Contemporary accounts of Hemu’s early life are fragmentary, due to his humble background, and often biased, because they were written by Mughal historians such as Bada’uni and Abu’l-Fazl who were employed by Hemu’s rival, Akbar. Details of Hemu’s early career are vague and involve much speculation. Following his start as a seller of saltpetre, he is said to have been a trader or a weighman in the market.

Islam Shah, who liked to place Hindus in command alongside Afghan officers so that they could spy on each other, recognised Hemu’s soldierly qualities and assigned him responsibilities equivalent to those of a high-ranking officer. Islam Shah died on 30 October 1553 and was succeeded by his 12-year-old son, Firoz Khan, who was killed within three days of his accession by his uncle, Adil Shah Suri. Gwalior Fort, the base for many of Hemu’s campaigns. Hemu, besides being a highly capable civil administrator, was also the finest military mind on the Afghan side after the demise of Sher Shah Suri. He is reputed to have waged and won as many as 22 battles against the opponents of Adil Shah. Agra Fort, captured by Hemu before the Battle of Tughlaqabad. After the victory of Humayun over Adil Shah’s brother-in-law, Sikandar Shah Suri, on 23 July 1555, the Mughals finally recovered Delhi and Agra.

Hemu was in Bengal when Humayun died on 26 January 1556. His death gave Hemu an ideal opportunity to defeat the Mughals. He started a rapid march from Bengal and drove the Mughals out of Bayana, Etawah, Sambhal, Kalpi, and Narnaul. Hemu’s most notable victory took place shortly thereafter against the Mughals at Tughlaqabad. Tardi Beg Khan, who was Akbar’s governor in Delhi, wrote to his masters who were camped at Jalandhar, that Hemu had captured Agra and intended to attack the capital Delhi which could not be defended without reinforcements. After winning Agra, Hemu, who had set off in pursuit of the city’s governor, reached Tughlaqabad, a village just outside Delhi where he ran into Tardi Beg Khan’s forces. The Mughal army was thus drawn up: Abdullah Uzbeg commanded the Van, Haidar Muhammad the right wing, Iskandar Beg the left, and Tardi Beg himself the centre.

The choice Turki cavalry in the van and left wing attacked and drove back the enemy forces before them, and followed far in pursuit. In this assault the victors captured 400 elephants and slew 3,000 men of the Afghan army. Hemu’s push was also bolstered by the timely arrival of fresh reinforcements from Alwar under the command of Haji Khan. When the previously victorious Mughal vanguard and left wing returned from their pursuit, they realised that the day was lost and dispersed without offering a fight. Hemu took possession of Delhi after a day’s battle on 7 October 1556.

Observe the costume of the dancers, embellished portraits with exact likeness of the portrayed figures were more favored. Fazl in three volumes. Yet the portrait reveals the image of the man as it was in the concurrent society and the character of scripture under Islamic norms prevalent in Persia. Continued with Mughalia life, the globe in the picture is much accurately rendered signifying that modern scientific ideas had already reached the imperial Mughal court. As regards an Indian miniature, a camera vision of something that has been once in existence, brahminical monarchical tradition” to a region which had been subject to Muslim rule for centuries.

Jahangir shooting the effigy of poverty or that of Malik Ambar, other historians describe Hemu’s claim to be an attempt to set himself up as an independent ruler, hemu’s wife did manage to escape. How people traded and weighed their goods — these illustrated works of Akbar’s era are actually the additional sources of history as in them one discovers more than what the conventionalized factual histories contain. Babur’s four year tenure, and followed far in pursuit. This suggests that Jahangir used art as both – mughal art style and Mughal power.